Blocked Fallopian tube – Can you still become pregnant?
Fallopian tubes are two very thin (its width about the size of a spaghetti strand) tubes, lined with hair-like projections called cilia. Upon ovulation, the egg from the ovary travels through the Fallopian tubes where it meets the sperm after copulation and where the process of fertilization begins. The cilia present in the tubes then push the fertilized egg towards the uterus where its implantation occurs.
1 Blocked fallopian tubes and its causes
Unfortunately, the only time you will suspect having a blocked fallopian tube is by the time your attempt to conceive fails. There are causes why these tubes become blocked or damaged and in some cases, it may be congenital, meaning the condition is present at birth. The blocked fallopian tubes may be classified as to the cause, location, and type of blockage. The blockage may be proximal, mid segment, or distal.
The root cause is infection, which may be brought about by birth control procedures, abortions, miscarriage, PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease), among others. In proximal tubal obstruction, the tube is blocked at the end where it meets the uterus.
In this case, the tubes are damaged or blocked at midpoint. This is often due to tubal ligation procedure which may cause blockage due to scar development. This blockage can be cured with the help of a minor surgery and has a 75% pregnancy success rate.
In cases of distal tubal occlusion, the tubes are blocked at the end part towards the ovary. The blockage is generally caused by a sac of fluid known as hydrosalpinx. It can also be due to infections caused by sexually transmitted diseases.
Some of the common conditions that cause blocked fallopian tubes include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, genital tuberculosis, uterine fibroids, tubal ligation reversal, and surgical complications in procedures such as C-section. Diagnosis can be done in different ways, depending on the severity and condition.
The damage or blockage in the tubes may be partial or complete. There are cases when only one tube is damaged or there are cases when there is only partial blockage in the tube. Pregnancy is still possible to occur in partially damaged tubes since the tube is open enough for the egg and sperm to pass through. There is greater risk though, of having an ectopic pregnancy where the fetus develops outside the womb, more likely in the fallopian tubes. This could lead to serious complications when the tube ruptures and causes internal bleeding. On the other hand, damage or blockage may be complete, and it becomes impossible for the egg and the sperm to pass through, to meet and unite. Hence, the chance of getting pregnant with completely damaged tubes is nearly impossible, but today there are some natural and surgical approach being offered to increase the chances of conceiving. Let us discuss how the blocked tubes can be opened with the help of natural and surgical procedures.