All over the world, the number of people suffering from acne is increasing day by day. It may be a petty issue to some but it’s a whole day matter of concern to someone who is suffering from it. Are you really fed up of those skin eruptions, pimples, and poor looks due to acne? It can be painful both emotionally and physically. Let’s learn a few things about it.
1 What is acne and how does it occur?
Acne is a very common condition which may affect any individual at a certain stage in his life. It is an inflammatory disease that occurs when the pores of the skin get clogged or blocked due to the overproduction of sebum by the oil glands. It generally lasts for 4-5 days and is also caused by the rapid formation of bacteria. Although it is not a severe skin disease, it may leave the affected area with a scar, discoloration, or may cause disfiguring of the skin.
2 Some myths and wrong beliefs about acne
Stress causes it
- This is not true. Stress alone cannot cause acne, although it can worsen the condition.
Acne is due to unhygienic habits
- Again, not true. In fact, washing the face excessively may worsen the condition by making it rough and dry.
Allow acne to heal on its own
- Acne can heal on its own, but it can get infected if not treated which could lead to a more serious problem.
Acne is contagious
- It is not contagious but be sure you do not spread the bacteria. Wash your hands well when you treat or deal with it.
Eating oily and greasy food can cause acne
- There are no proven results from surveys and research that acne is related to the kind of diet we have, although healthy diet is recommended for healthy living.
3 What body parts are affected by acne?
Acne appears mainly on the face, chest, shoulders, and back. Teenagers mostly suffer from it. The severity of acne may range from mild to severe.
What triggers acne?
- Hormonal changes: During adolescence, there is an increase in androgens. This increase can trigger acne.
- Menstrual cycle: This is the most common acne trigger. Acne tends to form when the cycle starts.
- Pregnancy and menopause: These conditions also make most women prone to acne.
- Family history: If anyone in the family has history of acne, then there is an increased chance of having it.
- Medicines: Birth control pills and other medications may cause pimples and acne.
- Make up: Regular application of makeup and improper maintenance of the skin may also clog pores and cause acne.
4 /What are the types of acne?
A person with acne may have any of these blemishes:
- Cysts: Like nodules, these are deep-rooted but with pus formed in it, causing terrible pain which makes the muscle stretch in some people. This type of acne can also cause scarring.
- Nodules: This is the more serious type. The acne is deep-rooted in the skin causing a lot of pain and leaving scars.
- Pimples or pustules: These contain pus, cause pain, and are red or green in color.
- Blackheads: This type is clogged inside and looks black on the surface of the skin if the oils come in contact with air.
- Whiteheads: These are also a form of clogged pores. These stay under the skin and form white bump on the skin surface.
- Papules: These are usually small bumps, pink in color, and cause little pain.
5 What are the medical ways to treat different types of acne?
To treat mild acne:
Mild acne does not need any great treatment; just a little care is enough to cure it. Wash your face with a mild gel, lotion, or medicated cleanser. This can be prescribed by your doctor, however, these gels and lotions can leave your skin dry so be sure to read and follow the directions.
Your doctor may also prescribe benzoyl peroxide and retinoids to reduce the gland’s oil production and break the whiteheads and blackheads.
To treat moderate acne:
In a condition where most of the face is covered with pimples, blackheads, whiteheads and pustules, doctors may prescribe retinoic acid and antibiotic pills to treat moderate acne. When using retinol as treatment, always use sunscreen and sunglasses to protect the skin from heat and the sun’s UV rays.
To treat severe acne:
Severe acne is a deep-rooted cyst which is red, hard, swollen, and painful. This surely leaves a scar and causes discoloration of the skin. This can be treated with antibiotics which are to be taken orally. A certain drug injection may also be given for an inflamed, large cyst which does not respond to oral medications. Accutane is given as last resort to treat acne.
6 What are the natural ways to cure acne?
Orange peel treatment: Orange peels can be directly dried under the sun until hard and crisp. Powder it well in a grinder and store it in a glass container. Use it as a face pack whenever you want by adding chilled rosewater or chilled plain water to make a paste and applying all over the affected area. You will instantly feel its soothing and clearing effects on the face.
- Aloe Vera: Application of aloe gel twice a day can reduce and cure acne. You can also have aloe juice half an hour before breakfast daily to prevent acne and keep the system clean.
- Nutmeg powder: Mix nutmeg powder with milk and apply it to the affected area. This helps clear the skin.
- Papaya: Blend a piece of papaya including the skin and seeds. Apply it to the affected area to reduce the swelling.
- Tea tree oil: Mix 5-10 drops of this oil with ¼ cup of water and apply it to your skin.
Though the ingredients are natural and organic it does not suit some skin types; thus, try it first on a small area of the skin before applying it to the affected area.
Note: Whatever happens, do not try to squeeze out the pimple or acne. This would for sure, leave a scar on the face.