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Heart Attack – Why Men are at Higher Risk

4 First aid and easy tips to deal with the factors causing heart attack

  • Foremost, try to call a doctor or an ambulance.
  • If there is no history of aspirin allergy, advise the patient to chew aspirin tablet slowly.
  • If the patient is unconscious and not breathing, try giving artificial respiration and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

Directions in giving artificial respiration:

First aid and easy tips to deal with the factors causing heart attack<
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  • Tilt the head back lifting the chin up.
  • Pinch nostrils to prevent air leakage.
  • Take a deep breath and hold it in; seal your mouth over the other person’s mouth.
  • Now, breathe slowly to the person’s mouth and try to inflate his chest.
  • See if the patient starts breathing. If he resists, try doing it again until he recovers his breath again.

Directions in giving CPR:

  • Place your palm on the center of the patient’s chest and the second hand over it, interlocking the fingers.
  • Keep your elbows straight and bring all your body weight on your hands, pressing firmly to give compression.
  • After each compression, release the pressure on the chest without losing contact between the hands and the breastbone.
  • Continue giving two artificial respirations and about 15 compressions until rescuers arrive. This technique helps in the artificial pumping of the heart to restore the lost pulse.

5 Treatment of heart attack

The two main treatments are clot-busting medicines and PCI (Percutaneous coronary intervention)

  1. Blood clot medicines: Thrombolytic medicines, also called as clot busters are used to dissolve blood clots that block the arteries. This medicine should be given within a few hours following a thrombotic event, or as soon as it deems clinically necessary.
  2. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI): It is a non-surgical process wherein a small, flexible tube (catheter) is placed inside a narrowed artery, and then inflated to create a balloon which dilates the artery, thus restoring blood flow.

Other treatments include:

Treatment of heart attack
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  • ACE inhibitors lower strain on the heart and lowers blood pressure.
  • Beta-blockers decrease the heart’s workload. This medicine reduces chest pain and discomfort. It also prevents repeated heart attacks from happening and treats irregular heartbeats.
  • Anticoagulants or blood thinners help in preventing blood clot formation.

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