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Malignant Bone Tumors – Symptoms and Treatment

Bone tumors can affect any bone of the human body, but it is mostly observed that tumors often hit the bigger bones. A bone tumor is actually an abnormal growth of an extra tissue in the bone. The bones that stand at high risk of developing a tumor are the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), pelvis, and the humerus (upper arm bone). Some kinds of bone tumors are benign which do not spread to other body parts while some bone tumors are cancerous in nature.

1 Causes of bone tumor

The exact cause of bone tumor is not known. However, a few possible causes can be genetics, bone injuries, and radiation treatment.

Causes of bone tumor
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2 Symptoms of bone tumor

The common symptoms of any kind of bone tumor are the following:

  • Excruciating pain in the area of the tumor which intensifies as the size of the tumor increases
  • Swelling in the area of the tumor
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Weak immune system
  • Tiredness
  • Anemia
  • Unexplained bone fractures
  • Symptoms of bone tumor
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3 Treatment of Bone Tumor

The most effective methods of treatment are radiotherapy and chemotherapy but some serious cases require the patients to undergo surgery. The surgery can be minor or major, depending on the size and time period of the bone tumor. There are also various potentially effective medications available for treating patients with bone tumors. If affected by any kind of bone tumor, it is advisable that you consult a good bone specialist in order to know your best treatment options.

Treatment of Bone Tumor
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4 Osteosarcoma

Another ailment that affects the bone is osteosarcoma, which is a type of bone cancer. This is the most common type of bone cancer and it is one such kind that also affects children and teenagers. It mostly affects the ends of the long-sized bones of the body such as those of the hands and legs. Unlike other types of bone cancers, osteosarcoma is known to spread not only to the bone from where it initiates but also to other bones, as well as to other parts of the body such as the lungs.

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5 Symptoms of osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma mostly affects children and growing teenagers as it is likely to develop from osteoblasts which are actually cells that form growing bones. The possible symptoms of osteosarcoma are the following:

  • Swelling in the child’s leg
  • Excessive pain at night
  • A lump in the area of pain
  • Unexplained limping
  • Unreasonable breaking of bones
Symptoms of osteosarcoma
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6 Treatment

You should consult a good orthopedic doctor in case you know that you have been hit by osteosarcoma. The most common treatment is surgery which can be either minor or major depending on the depth of the bone cancer. Mostly, the cancer cells are shrunk and destroyed with the help of prescription drugs. If all the cancer cells are eliminated after this then it is good news for you or else it is followed by surgery which will remove the remaining cancer cells or tumors. Sometimes, this is further followed by chemotherapy to ensure that there is no chance for the cancer cells to revive again. Often, it is seen that chemotherapy is a highly effectual treatment for osteosarcoma. In certain rare cases, specialists resort to amputation of the affected limb in order to eliminate the cancer completely.

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7 Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

Popularly known as MFH, malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a high rated tumor which is primarily composed of myofibroblasts, fibroblasts, and histiocytes. It is often referred to as soft tissue tumor which mostly affects adults of both sexes, with men being affected more than women. People are mostly hit by this disorder after fifty years of age. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma can affect any part of the human body and this condition is rarely found in children. Though the exact cause of this kind of tumor is not known, it is often associated with previously existing conditions such as fibrous dysplasia, radiation therapy for breast cancer, Hodgkin disease, and retinoblastoma. It can also be acquired due to genetic reasons.

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
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8 Symptoms of malignant fibrous histiocytoma

The common symptoms of malignant fibrous histiocytoma re the following:

  • Presence of a painless lump in any body part
  • Feeling of numbness in muscles and nerves
  • Difficulty in moving limbs
Symptoms of malignant fibrous histiocytoma
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9 Treatment

Treatment of malignant fibrous histiocytoma depends largely upon the grade and stage of the tumor and also its location. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are very common and successful methods for treating this type of tumor. Surgeries are also considered if the condition requires so. However, the mass of the tumor can be effectively lessened with the help of chemotherapy before opting for surgery and thus, chemotherapy is very essential. Moreover, it reduces the chances of amputation as well.

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How quickly one recovers from bone tumor depends upon the type of bone tumor the patient has, the size, and the location of the tumor. While benign tumors are usually curable, there are chances for it to recur. With advanced technology, there are new drugs and therapies available today for the treatment of bone tumor.

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